Note: Some texts are buried deep in e-archives. If title link does not work, click source.

[ Texts & Tools ] [ Journals ] [ E-Conferences ] [ Social World ] [ Manuscripts & Canon ]

[ Gospels ] [ Synoptics ] [ Fourth Gospel ] [ Noncanonical Gospels ] [ Jesus & Christology ]
[ Acts ] [ Paul ] [ General Letters ] [ Apocalypses ] [ Gnostic & Esoteric Sources ]



Behind the Pages of the New Testament

Ron Price presents a theologically trained scientist's research on the origin of the synoptic gospels, the formation of the gospel of John, & the historical Jesus.

The Five Gospels Parallels

John W. Marshall's very useful hyper-linked synopsis allows comparison of the texts of the four canonical gospels (RSV) & the gospel of Thomas (Lambdin translation). User has choice of 5 tailored parallel formats: all five gospels, the canonical four, the three synoptics, the Q two, & the sayings threesome (U of Toronto).

The Manuscripts of the Gospels

Robert B. Waltz's tables summarize major textual critics' assessments of principle gospel mss. Important technical tool. Posted by Rich Elliot on a Site inspired by the Encyclopedia of NT Textual Criticism.

Resources for Studying the Gospels

Jenee Woodard's comprehensive index of on-line resources for research on the canonical gospels & Jesus, including films and art (The Text This Week).

The Story of the Story Tellers

Marilyn Mellowes surveys the views of current leading scholars regarding the formation of the gospels for PBS Frontline special, From Jesus to Christ: the first Christians.


Canonical Status of Q

M. H. Smith compares the Q hypothesis with other proposed solutions to the synoptic problem (especially Griesbach-Farmer and Farrer-Goulder) and concludes that Q belongs in a scholar's canon of early Christian sources.

The Case Against Q

Mark Goodacre provides a lucid summary of reasons to question Q, extensive information on the alternative to the Q hypothesis first proposed by A. M. Farrer, & fresh research on the synoptic problem, like Goodacre's recent articles on "Fatigue in the Synoptics" & "Fallacies at the Heart of Q."

The Present State of the Synoptic Problem

Paper by William R. Farmer, leading champion of the Griesbach source theory, presented to the international Society for New Testament Studies (August 1998).

Principles Involved in Harmonizing the Synoptic Gospels

Outline of primary evangelical explanations of differences in Matthew, Mark & Luke. Posted by Xenos for evangelists.

Q: the Synoptic Sayings Source

Analysis of the historical source of non-Markan material common to Matthew and Luke [posted on Jesus Seminar Forum]. 

Questions, Chreiai & Honor Challenges: The Interface of Rhetoric & Culture in Mark's Gospel

Jerome H. Neyrey analyzes the controversy stories in Mark (U of Notre Dame).

The Sayings Gospel Q

English translation of the reconstructed text of the synoptic sayings source published by the International Q Project in 2001 (posted by John Kloppenborg).

The Sermon on the Mount

1961 lecture by Joachim Jeremias'  summarizes his form & redaction critical analysis of Matt 5-7 [posted by Biblical Studies (UK)].

A Statistical Approach to the Synoptic Problem

Dave Gentile's statistical analysis of the vocabulary of Matthew, Mark & Luke supports Markan priority & tends to favor Luke's use of Matthew as well as Q.

A Synoptic Gospels Primer

M. H. Smith's e-sourcebook provides gospel outlines, a hyper-glossary & a sample synopsis to illustrate the textual basis & history of scholarly hypotheses related to the Synoptic Problem. Color-coded Greek synopsis for advanced users.

The Synoptic Problem Website

Site developed by Stephen C. Carlson as clearinghouse to resolve the literary relationship between Matthew, Mark & Luke. Sketches major hypotheses & proponents. Basic tools for analysis (table of parallels, history of scholarship & annotated bibliography).

The Theology of St. Luke

Complete text of Geoffrey Buswell's 1961 translation of Hans Conzelmann's pioneering study in redaction criticism (Internet Archive).

The Two Gospel Hypothesis

Summary of J. J. Griesbach's theory of the relationship of the synoptic gospels (Wikipedia).

Fourth Gospel

Commentary on the Gospel of John

W. Hall Harris provides an introduction to Johannine scholarship & a chapter by chapter commentary on the Fourth Gospel [posted by].

Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel

Complete text of C. H. Dodd's 1953 classic study (Internet Archive). 

Johannine Literature Web

Comprehensive list of electronic materials for the study of the 4th Gospel & the letters of John including scholarly e-articles & book reviews (maintained by Felix Just).

John's: The Maverick Christian Group - The Evidence of Sociolinguistics

Bruce J. Malina cites the use of intimate language in the 4th Gospel as evidence of the author's accommodation of his message to his audience  [Biblical Theology Bulletin 24 (1994):167-82 posted on Early Christian Writings].

Mary Magdalene: Author of the Fourth Gospel?

Ramon K. Jusino marshals literary evidence that Mary was the author of the original core of the Johannine narrative.

Signs Gospel

Andrew Bernhard presents Robert T. Fortna's reconstruction of an early narrative source edited by the author of the gospel of John (archived by Early Christian Writings).

Signs in the Fourth Gospel: What is the Evangelist Doing? 

Terry A. Larm surveys & assesses recent scholars' interpretations of the function of Johannine sources & composition [Theological Gathering 1 (Fall 1996) posted on Early Christian Writings].

Survey of Recent Literature on the Fourth Gospel

James F. McGrath presents a useful overview of major 20th c. scholarship on the gospel of John [Theological Gathering 4 (Fall 1997) posted on Early Christian Writings].

Non-canonical Gospels

Approximation of the Original Manuscript of Secret Mark

Jack Kilmon reconstructs the lost Greek text of a letter by Clement of Alexandria citing passages from an esoteric version of the gospel of Mark.

The Gospel of Mary Magdalene

Analysis & translation of 2nd c. gnostic dialogue that presents Mary as revealer of the risen Savior (posted by the Nazarene Way).  

The Gospel of Thomas Collection

Hyperlinked catalogue of cyber & print resources includes digital images of the 3rd c. Coptic ms. found at Nag Hammadi and English translations by Stevan Davies, Marvin Meyer, & Stephen Patterson with the 2nd c. Greek fragments and other on-line tools (archived by Gnostic Society Library).

Judas Minus the Betrayal

Scholars debate the historical importance of the 2nd c. Gospel of Judas which portrays Judas Iscariot as Jesus' chosen collaborator in leaving the physical world (NY Times April 7, 2006).


English  translation of the gospels of Thomas, Philip & Truth with anti-Pauline commentary by Paterson Brown.

  Papyrus Egerton 2 Homepage

Wieland Willker presents photos, transcriptions & translations of this early unknown eclectic gospel with passages parallel to both John & the synoptics.

The Strange Case of the Secret Gospel according to Mark

Shawn Eyer's 1995 review (from the journal Alexandria) provides detailed background for the scholarly controversy generated by Morton Smith's discovery of references to a secret edition of Mark in a ms. of a letter of Clement of Alexandria.

Jesus & Christology

Resources for the historical debate regarding Jesus are on the Christian tradition page.

Digging. Help fill holes.

This page was revised 30 January 2023


Copyright 1997- 2023 by Mahlon H Smith
All rights reserved.