Alternate viewpoints to the gospels. Alan Humm
posts & analyzes references to Jesus in Josephus, the Mishnah, Babylonian
Talmud & Toledoth Yeshu.
focused on biblical texts & their interpretation are listed under Biblical
J. R. Davila's course on the cultural matrix
that gave rise to NT Christology & the veneration of Jesus, presents
lectures & on-line discussion.
John Feister's 1997 interview with John P.
Meier regarding the quest of the historical Jesus & the work of the Jesus
Full text of C. H. Dodds' 1970 assessment of
the impact of Jesus' distinct mindset upon his behavior, fate & followers (posted by Religion-Online).
Annotated bibliography of major scholarship on
the historical quest now accessible on-line (in Mark Goodacre's New
Complete text of Shirley
Jackson Case's 1912 critique of the claims of radical criticism that
the historical Jesus never existed (posted by Peter Kirby on Christian
E. R. Coates provides a hypertext edition of
Thomas Jefferson's harmonized & expurgated version of the gospels,
portraying Jesus as an ethical teacher.
Full text of Martin Dibelius' 1937 Shaffer
Lectures at Yale reconstructing Jesus' life and message as a call for active
commitment to God's kingdom in opposition to the forces of this world (posted by Religion-Online).
Detailed chapter by chapter digest of N. T.
Wright's massive 1996 profile of Jesus, his aims & beliefs (posted by Open
Full text of Rudolf Bultmann's reconstruction &
interpretation of the message of Jesus. A seminal work for the renewed Quest
of the historical Jesus (posted by Religion-Online).
B. Muller presents & analyzes texts from
the NT, Josephus & other first century sources to reconstruct the
historical thread from Jesus' human origins to his execution.
Archive of the e-mail debate generated by the
cyber-symposium celebrating the 2nd millennium of Jesus' birth (Feb/March
1996). Questions & answers regarding the historical Jesus posed to/by
Marcus Borg, Dominic Crossan & Luke Timothy Johnson.
R. W. Kropf reviews the philosophical issues
involved in the renewed quest of the historical figure of Jesus & its
potential for renewing the faith of (rather than in) Jesus, with responses (DiaLogos
Andrew Bernhard's comprehensive annotated
bibliography to electronic & print resources on all extant gospels written
before the end of the 2nd c. CE
Full text of Maurice
Goguel's 1926 rebuttal to claims that Jesus is a purely mythic figure
who never actually existed within human history (posted by Peter Kirby
on Christian Origins).
PBS Frontline surveys leading scholars' views
Earl Doherty argues that the Jesus of Christian
faith began with a mythic figure of Christ which gradually evolved into the
'historical' person Jesus of Nazareth.
Official website of the cooperative scholarly
project to identify the historical core of all ancient reports of Jesus'
sayings & deeds and reassess profiles of Jesus.
Rudolf Bultmann's seminal essays calling for a
demythologized existentialist interpretation of the NT message & picture
of Jesus, with critiques by Julius Schniewind, Ernst Lohmeyer, Helmut
Thielicke & Friedrich Schumann & Austin Farrer (posted by Religion
Well-informed succinct essays on topics in
biblical scholarship and Christian tradition include Did
Jesus Really Exist?, The
Historical Jesus vs. the Christ of Faith, A Historical
Approach to Jesus, Authentic
Sayings of Jesus & The
Jesus Seminar (Kevin Davidson).
Full text of the 1863 book that shook the
Catholic world & cost the author his chair at the U of Paris. The first
complete naturalistic biography of Jesus as a Jewish carpenter who was
"not a founder of dogmas or a maker of creeds" but who "infused
into the world a new spirit." English translation with A.D. Howell
Smith's biographical preface to the 1935 edition & an appendix on Renan
& his critics, published on the Secular
Jona Lendering analyzes the historical
sources of the messianic concept & traces its development from its
origins in ancient Israel through Jesus to the 20th c. hasidic rabbi
Menachem Schneerson (posted by Livius).
Full text of James M.
Robinson's 1959 analysis of illegitimate and legitimate expectations
of historical study of Jesus.
Cam Howard's graphic interactive introduction
Borg's reconstruction of the pre- &
post-Easter Jesus focuses on dimensions of his spirit,
politics. With audio clips of Borg
(United Theological Seminary, Dayton OH).
John P. Meier's assessment of problems &
progress in recent historical Jesus research [Biblica 80 (1999)
Full text of Montgomery's English translation
of Albert Schweitzer's 1906 landmark critical study of Jesus scholarship from
Reimarus to Wrede (posted in Peter Kirby's Early
Full text of Norman Perrin's seminal 1967 study
that revived the quest for the historical Jesus (posted by Religion-Online).
Peter Kirby presents a detailed review of
references to Jesus in the works of the 1st c. Jewish historian Josephus & the
critical debate regarding their authenticity.
Links to the renewed debate regarding the relic
presented as Jesus' burial cloth are found on the Art & Archaeology page.
Full text of Episcopal bishop John Shelby
Spong's 1974 meditation on the religious significance of a non-religious Jesus (posted by Religion-Online).
Robert Kraft's 1992 JUDAIOS article highlights
evidence that before Jesus of Nazareth some Jews in northern Palestine
anticipated appearance of a second Joshua.
Moderated e-mail forum for scholarly debate on
the historical Jesus & Christian origins. Successor to HarperCollins
un-moderated e-forum Crosstalk, some of whose archives
are still on-line. (Offspring of the 1996 Jesus
at 2000 cyber-conference).