Chapter 15 in A. D. White's Warfare of
Science with Theology (1896) compares the religious concept &
treatment of "lunacy" with the development of modern approaches to
Psychologist Barry L. Beyerstein argues that
the experience of spirit possession is the product of non-conscious mental
processes (PDF article from The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal).
FAQs posted by as American priest in
Trinidad provides a Roman Catholic perspective on possession and the ritual of
Official explanation of traditional Eastern
Christian rituals to ward off evil spirits & the evil eye (posted by Greek
Orthodox Archdiocese of America).
Award winning essay by Peace Corps volunteer
Guy W. Volk provides eye-witness description of native ritual to free a woman
tormented by spirits of the dead.
Website of anthropologist Michael
Harner's institute to preserve & research shamanism posts articles
on spirits & healing.
Estonian researcher Aado Lintrop's studies in
Siberian shamanism & the religions of the Finno-Ugrian peoples builds a
cyber-bridge between the visible & invisible worlds of Nganasan rites
& initiatory visions.
Consultants on Religious Tolerance
present a thorough review & extensive bibliography for the phenomena
identified either as a psychological disorder or demon possession, reasons for
skepticism & methods of treatment (therapy & exorcism).
& audio-visual resources on the hallucinogens, religious rituals &
ecstatic experience of shamans from Siberia to the Americas (ancient &
Hyperlinked index to classic
anthropological studies of the theories & practices of ancient indigenous
cultures (Internet Sacred Text
Dean Edwards' plain vanilla FAQ sheet provides
definitions & detailed bibliographical leads for researchers.