Parallel Texts in Matthew, Mark & Luke

5. The Lamp 
Mark 4:21-25 // Luke 8:16-18
Matt 5:15 // Luke 11:33
Matt 10:26-7 // Luke 12:2-3

  context     Greek synopsis     English synopsis     analysis     source hypotheses     variants 

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Greek Text

The reconstruction of the gospel texts below is based on the critical edition of E. Nestle's Novum Testamentum Graece presented with a fuller critical apparatus in Kurt Aland's Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum  ed. ii (Stuttgart: Württembergische Bibelanstalt, 1964) p. 179.  The matched column format & color coding employed here is the original work of the author of this electronic edition. The accented Greek script used to compose this synopsis is the unicode font, Palatino Linotype.

The  LAMP  &  the SECRET 
   Matt 13   Mark 4 Luke 8
    21  Καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοις ὅτι    
    μήτι ἔρχεται ὁ λύχνος  16  Οὐδεὶς δὲ λύχνον ἅψας 
    ὑπὸ τὸν μόδιον    καλύπτει αὐτον
    τεϑῇ   σκεύει
    ἢ ὑπὸ τὴν κλίνην;   ἢ ὑπὸκάτω κλίνης
    οὐχ    ἀλλ᾿
    ἐπὶ τὴν  λυχνίαν   ἐπὶ λυχνίας
    τεϑῇ;   τίϑησιν,
        οἱ εἰσπορευόμενοι
        τὸ ϕῶς.
  22 οὐ γὰρ ἐστίν 17 οὐ γὰρ ἐστίν
    τι κρυπτόν,   κρυπτόν
    ἐὰν μὴ   ὃ οὐ
    ἵνα ϕανερωϑῇ·   ϕανερὸν γενήσεται,
    οὐδὲγένετο   οὐδὲ
    ἀπόκρυϕον,   ἀπόκρυϕον,
    ἀλλ᾿ ἵνα   ὃ οὐ
    ἔλϑῃ   μὴ γνωσϑῇ
    εἰς ϕανερὸν.   καὶ εἰς ϕανερὸν
  23 εἰ τις ἔχει ὦτα    

Compare: Mark 4:21 // Luke 8:16 (above) with 

Matthew 5 Mark Luke 11
 14  Ὑμεῖς ἐστε      
  τὸ ϕῶς τοῦ κόσμου.      
  οὐ δύναται       
  πόλις  κρυβῆναι      
  ἐπανω οὔρους κειμένη.      
15 Οὐδὲ καίουσιν λύχνον    33  Οὐδεὶς λύχνον ἅψας 
  καὶ τιϑέασιν αὐτὸν     εἰς κρυπτὸν τίϑησιν
  ὑπὸ τὸν μόδιον     ὑπὸ τὸν μόδιον
  ἀλλ᾿     ἀλλ᾿
  ἐπὶ τὴν  λυχνίαν     ἐπὶ τὴν  λυχνίαν
  καὶ     ἵνα
  λάμπει     οἱ εἰσπορευόμενοι
  πᾶσιν τοῖς     τὸ ϕέγγος
  ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ.     βλέπωσιν.

Compare: Mark 4:22 // Luke 8:17 (above) with 

Matthew 10   Mark   Luke 12
 26  Μὴ οὖν      
  ϕοβηϑῆτε  αὐτούς·      
  οὐδὲν γάρ ἐστιν    2  οὐδὲν δὲ
  κεκλυμμένον     συγκεκλυμμένον ἐστιν
  ὃ οὐκ     ὃ οὐκ
  ἀποκαλυϕϑήσεται,     ἀποκαλυϕϑήσεται,
  καὶ κρυπτόν     καὶ κρυπτόν
  ὃ οὐ     ὃ οὐ
  γνωσϑήσεται.     γνωσϑήσεται.
27 λέγω ὑμῖν    3 ἀνϑ᾿ ὧν ὅσα
  ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ,     ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ,
  εἴπατε     εἴπατε
  ἐν τῷ ϕωτί·     ἐν τῷ ϕωτί
  καὶ     καὶ
  εἰς τὸ οὖς     πρὸς τὸ οὖς
  ἀκούετε,     ἐλαλήσατε
      ἐν τοῖς ταμιείοις
  κηρύξατε     κηρυχϑήσεται
  ἐπὶ τῶν δωμάτων.     ἐπὶ τῶν δωμάτων.

Color Code
 Red  Four texts use same wording.
 Blue  Three texts use same wording.
 Teal  Two texts use same wording.
 Purple   Two texts worded the same in one gospel.
 Black  Words unique to a particular text.
   No parallel passage in this gospel.

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last revised 28 February 2023

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