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[ Uprisings after Herod ] [ Antipas] [ Pilate & Caligula ] [ Demagogues & Despots ] Revolt against Rome ]

Click on name for biographical sketch

 BCE Rome   Syria   Judea   Galilee
60 Julius 
Caesar


 ( b. 100 BCE) 

[triumvir 
60 - 48 BCE]

Pompey
"the Great"
 
(b. 106 BCE)

[triumvir 
60 - 48 BCE]
 

Marcius Philippus
proconsul [61 - 60 BCE]

  Antipater II

administrator
[67 - 43 BCE]

 

58   Lentulus Marcellinus
proconsul [59 - 57 BCE]
 
56   Gabinius
proconsul [57 - 55 BCE]
 
54  

Crassus
proconsul [54 - 53 BCE]

 
52  

Cassius
proconsul [53 - 51 BCE]

 
50   M. Calpurnius Bibulus
proconsul [51-49 BCE]
 
48   Metellus Scipio
proconsul [49 - 47 BCE]
 
46 dictator
[47-44 BCE]
  Sextus Caesar
proconsul [47 - 46 BCE]
  Phasael

governor
[47 - 40 BCE]
  Herod

governor 
[47 - 39 BCE]
44 Roman Civil War
[44-42 CE] 
  Caecilius Bassus
ruled [46 - 43 BCE]
   
    Cassius
proconsul [43 - 42 BCE]
   
42 Octavian

(b. 63 BCE)

triumvir 
 [43 - 27 BCE] 
Marc
Antony


(b. 82 BCE)

triumvir
[43 - 30 BCE]
  Decidius Saxa
legate [41 - 40 BCE]
   
40   Parthian Occupation
[40 - 38 BCE]
38    
36  

Marc Antony
governor [37 - 35 BCE]

 
"king of the Judeans"
[39 - 4 BCE]

 

34  

Munatius Plancus
proconsul [35 - 33 BCE]

 
32  

L. Calpurnius Bibulus
proconsul [33 - 31 BCE]

 
30  

Quintus Didius
proconsul [30 - 29 BCE]

 
28 governed as


Caesar Augustus


emperor
[27 BCE - 14 CE]

 

Messala Corvinus
proconsul [29 - 28 BCE]

 
26  

Cicero the younger
proconsul [28 - 25 BCE]

 
24

 

Terentius Varro
legate [25 - 23 BCE]

 
22   Marcus Agrippa
legate
[23 - 18 BCE]

vice-regent
[17 - 12 BCE]

 
20    
18    
16    
14    
12   ?  
10   Gaius Sentius Saturninus
legate [9 - 6 BCE]
 
8    
6   Varus
legate [6 - 4 BCE]
 
4    
2  

?

  Archelaus
governor
[4 BCE- 6 CE]
   

(Herod)
Antipas


governor
[4 BCE- 39 CE]

CE  

Gaius Caesar
legate [1 BCE - 4 CE]

   
2      
4  

Volusius Saturninus
legate [4 - 6 CE]

 
6   Quirinius
legate
[ 6 - 12 CE]
  Coponius
prefect [6 - 9 CE]
 
8      
10     Ambivulus
prefect [9 - 12 CE]
 
12      
14  

Creticus Silanus
legate [13 - 17 CE]

  Rufus
prefect [12 - 15 CE]
 
         
16 Tiberius

(b. 42 BCE)

emperor
[14 - 37 CE]
    Valerius
Gratus


prefect
[15 - 26 CE]
 
18   Calpurnius Piso
legate [17 - 19 CE]
   
20   Gnaeus Sentius Saturninus
legate [19 - 21 BCE]
   
22  

Aelius Lamia
legate [22 - 32 BCE]

   
24      
26      
28     Pontius 
Pilate


prefect
[26 - 36 CE]
 
30      
32  

Pomponius Flaccus
legate [33 - 35 CE]

   
34      
36   Vitellius
legate
[35 - 38 CE]
   
        Marcellus/Marullus
prefect(s)?
[37 - 39 CE]
 
38 Gaius (Caligula)
(b. 12 CE)
emperor [37 - 41 CE]
     
40   Petronius
governor [39 - 42 CE]
  Agrippa I
(b. 10 BCE )
king
[ 39-44 CE]
       
42 Claudius

(b. 10 BCE)

emperor
[41 - 54 CE]
  Cnaeus Vibius
Marsus

governor [42 - 44 CE]
 
44    
46   Gaius Cassius
Longinus II

governor [44 - 49 CE]
  Fadus
prefect [44 - 46? CE]
48     Tiberius Alexander
prefect [46? - 48 CE]
50   Ummidius Quadratus
governor [49 - 60 CE]
  Cumanus
[prefect 48 - 52 CE]
52    
54 Antonius Felix
prefect
 [52-60 CE]
 

Agrippa II

(b. 10 BCE )

king
[52 - 93 CE]

         
56 Nero

(b. 37 CE)

emperor
[54 - 68 CE]
     
58      
60  

Domitius Corbulo
governor [60 - 63 CE]

   
62     Festus
prefect [60 - 62 CE] 
 
64   Cestius Gallus
governor [63 - 67 CE]
  Albinus
prefect [62 - 64 CE]
 
66     Florus
prefect [64 - 66 CE]
 
68   Gaius Licinius Mucianus
governor [67 - 69 CE]
   Jewish Revolt 
66 - 73 CE
         
  Galba / Otho / Vitellius
emperors [68-69 CE]
     
70 Vespasian

emperor
[69 - 79 CE]
       
72        
74          
76          
78          
             
80 Titus
emperor [79 - 81 CE]
         
             
82 Domitian

emperor
[81 - 96 CE]
         
84          
86          
88          
90          
92          
94            
96            
98              
100              

 

Key
   House of Caesar            House of Herod
   House of Flavius    Non-Roman bureaucrat
   Aristocrat with consular status     Procurator from cavalry officer class 
   Common citizen of Rome    Outside Roman rule
 Nero   Click on highlighted name for biographical sketch.

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[ Uprisings after Herod ] [ Antipas] [ Pilate & Caligula ] [ Demagogues & Despots ] Revolt against Rome ]

 

Perspective on the World of Jesus

with new translations from primary texts

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