||Imperial Images in Jerusalem
||Now (ca. 26 CE) (Pontius)
Pilate, the procurator
removed the army from Caesarea
and put it in winter quarters in Jerusalem in violation of the
Jewish laws. He thought of bringing the busts of
(the emperor Tiberius)
Caesar which were on
the standards into the city, whereas our Torah forbids us even
the making of images.
||Because of this, previous
procurators used standards without such decorations when they
entered the city. Pilate was the first who brought these
images into Jerusalem
and set them up there.
||This was done without the
knowledge of the people, because it was done in the middle of
the night. But as soon as they learned about it, they flocked
in great numbers to Caesarea; and for many days they sought to
get Pilate to remove the images.
Use of Temple Funds Killed
also made an aqueduct to Jerusalem for water
taken from a spring twenty miles away, paying for the work
from the temple treasury. But (the Jews) were
not pleased with what he had done to get the water. And many
thousands of people gathered together and made a protest
against him and insisted that he abandon his project.
||As crowds love to
do, some even called out names, abusing Pilate. So he had a
great number of his soldiers don Jewish dress and
carry daggers under their garments. Sending
them to a place where they might surround the Jews, he then
himself ordered the Jews to depart.
||But when they began
to insult him, he gave the soldiers the signal they had
previously agreed on. And they fell on the crowd with greater
force than had been commanded, punishing rioters and
bystanders equally... A great number of them were killed, but
others escaped wounded. Thus the situation was quieted.
Pilgrims Routed [36 CE]
||Even the Samaritan
nation was not free from uproar. For there was a man
who attracted them for a while by telling lies and devising
all things for satisfaction of the masses. He bid them go with
him to go with him to Mount Gerizim, which
they assume to be the purest of mountains. He claimed that
when they got there he would show them the sacred
vessels buried there as Moses had set down to be
||Believing his word
to be true, they were in arms. And they encamped in a village
called Tirathana, adding late-comers, as they planned to make
the ascent of the mount as a great horde.
anticipated the climb, and prevented them with cavalry
and an armed escort. Clashing with the first-comers to the
village, they slew some in pitched battle and turned the
(others) to flight. Many they took alive; and of these Pilate
executed the ring-leaders and the most influential
among the fugitives
||When the uprising had been put
down, the Samaritan council went to Vitellius---a
man of consular status who held the governorship of
Syria---and they charged Pilate with the slaughter of the
||Edict to Erect
Imperial Statue in Temple [39 CE]
||Now (in 39 CE) Gaius
(Caligula) bore a
grudge for being ignored only by the Jews in this respect
[i.e., honoring him as divine]. So he sent his legate, Petronius,
to Syria to take the rule over from Vitellius and ordered him
to lead a large force into Judea. If they received him
willingly, he was to place a statue of (Caligula) in the
temple of God. But if they treated him with arrogance, he
still was to do this after mastering them in battle.
||Jews Prepare to
there was quiet. Then at the command of Gaius
Caesar to place a
statue of him in the temple, (the Jews) took up arms instead.
But Caesar's death (in 43 CE) put an end
to the commotion.
||--- Tacitus, Histories
||Indeed, the Jews had given the
appearance of rising up in revolt; (but) after the news of (Caligula's)
murder there was no need for compliance (with his order).
(Yet) fear remained that some emperor would command the same
||--- Tacitus, Annals