Parallel Texts in Matthew, Mark & Luke

8. Mustard & Leaven
Matt 13:31-35 // Mark 4:30-34 // Luke 13:18-20

Turn off Pop-up blocker to insure hyperlinks work properly.

Greek Text

The reconstruction of the gospel texts below is based on the critical edition of E. Nestle's Novum Testamentum Graece presented with a fuller critical apparatus in Kurt Aland's Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum  ed. ii (Stuttgart: Württembergische Bibelanstalt, 1964) pp. 181-182.  The matched column format & color coding employed here is the original work of the author of this electronic edition. The accented Greek script used to compose this synopsis is the unicode font, Palatino Linotype.

Matthew 13 Mark 4 Luke 13
31  Ἄλλην παραβολὴν*        
  παρέϑηκεν αὐτοῖς        
  λέγων· 30  Καὶ λεγεν 18  λεγεν οὖν
  ὁμοία ἐστὶν   πῶς  ὁμοιώσωμεν*    τίνι ὁμοία ἐστὶν
  βασιλεία   τὴν βασιλείαν    βασιλεία
  τῶν οὐρανῶν   τοῦ ϑεοῦ,   τοῦ ϑεοῦ,
    ἢ ἐν τίνι   καὶ τίνι
    αὐτὴν   ὁμοιώσω*  αὐτὴν;
      παραβολῇ* ϑῶμεν;  
    31 ὧς 19 ὁμοία ἐστὶν
  κόκκῳ σινάπεως   κόκκῳ σινάπεως   κόκκῳ σινάπεως
  ὃν λαβὼν   ὃς ὅταν   ὃν λαβὼν
  ἄνϑρωπος ἔσπειρεν    σπαρῇ   ἄνϑρωπος ἔβαλεν  
  ἐν τῷ ἀγρῶ αὐτοῦ:   ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς,   εἰς κῆπον ἑαυτοῦ,
32  ὃ μικρότερον μέν   μικρότερον    
  ἐστιν   ὄν  
  πάντων   πάντων    
  τῶν σπερμάτων,   τῶν σπερμάτων  
    τῶν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς,  
  ὅταν δὲ 32 καὶ ὅταν σπαρῇ,    
  αὐξηϑῇ,      ἀναβαίνει   καὶ ηὔξησεν
    καὶ γίνεται*  
  μεῖζον   μεῖζον παντῶν    
  τῶν λαχάνον   τῶν λαχάνον,  
  καὶ γίνεται*     καὶ ἐγένετο
  δένδρον   ** εἰς δένδρον, 
     καὶ ποιεῖ   καὶ
      κλάδους μεγάλους,    
  ὥστε ἐλϑεῖν   ὥστε δύνασϑαι    
    ὑπὸ τὴν σκιὰν  
  τὰ πετεινὰ   τὰ πετεινὰ   τὰ πετεινὰ
  τοῦ οὐρανοῦ   τοῦ οὐρανοῦ   τοῦ οὐρανοῦ
  καὶ κατεσκηνοῦν   κατεσκηνοῦν.   κατεσκήνωσεν
  ἐν τοῖς κλάδοις     ἐν τοῖς κλάδοις
  αὐτοῦ.     αὐτοῦ.
Matthew 13 Mark 4 Luke 13
33 Ἄλλην παραβολὴν      
  ἐλάλησεν  αὐτοῖς:     20 Καὶ πάλιν εἴπεν:
  ὁμοία ἐστὶν*       τίνι ὁμοίωσω
  βασιλεία       τὴν βασιλείαν
  τῶν οὐρανῶν       τοῦ ϑεοῦ;
        ὁμοία ἐστὶν*
  ζύμῃ,       ζύμῃ,
  ἣν λαβοῦσα γυνὴ        ἣν λαβοῦσα γυνὴ 
  ἐνέκρυψεν        ἔκρυψεν 
  εἰς ἀλεύρου        εἰς ἀλεύρου 
  σάτα τρία,        σάτα τρία, 
  ἕως  οὗ       ἕως  οὗ
  ἐζυμώϑη ὅλον.        ἐζυμώϑη ὅλον. 
Matthew 13 Mark 4 Luke 13
34 Ταῦτα πάντα  33 Καὶ τοιαύτοις     
    παραβολαῖς πολλαῖς     
  ἐλαλησεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς   ἐλάλει    
  ἐν παραβολῆς      
  τοῖς  ὄχλοις,    αὐτοῖς    
    τὸν λόγον    
    ἠδύναντο ἀκούειν·     
  καὶ χωρὶς 34 χωρὶς δὲ    
  παραβολῆς   παραβολῆς    
  οὐδὲν ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς·   οὐκ ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς,    
      κατ᾿ ἰδίαν δὲ     
      τοῖς ἰδίοις μαϑηταῖς     
      ἐπελύεν πάντα.     
35 ὅπως πληρωϑῇ        
  τὸ ῥηϑὲν        
  διὰ τοῦ προϕήτου        
  ἐν παραβολαῖς        
  τὸ στόμα μου,        
  ἀπὸ καταβολῆς.        

** Note: The RSV follows codices Sinaiticus & Vaticanus & p75. Most later mss. of Luke qualify the tree as μέγα.

Color Key
 Blue  Three gospels use same vocabulary.
 Teal  Two gospels use same vocabulary.
 Black  Words unique to a particular gospel.
 <and  RSV wording revised to reflect Greek.
 [ it ]  RSV wording not found in Greek.
   No parallel passage in this gospel.
*  Same wording, different order

  previous pericope     index     next pericope  

last revised 11 December 2019


Copyright © 1997- 2020 by Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.

an American Theological Library Association Selected Religion Website 
OCLC World catalog no. 60769417

Educational freeware.
Links to these WebPages are welcome.
But they may not be mirrored or posted elsewhere.
Nor are the contents to be distributed commercially.

Reproduction of all or part of these pages in print form is permitted provided
the author is credited & the internet URL properly noted.

This website was accessed more than 2,000,000 times in its first 20 years on line.