Hyper-Synopsis     Parallel Texts in Matthew, Mark & Luke 

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  Greek synopsis  

 

  PICKING GRAIN on the SABBATH **
 83  Matt 12  46  Mark 2  46  Luke 6
1 At that time 23 One sabbath * 1 On a sabbath,*
  Jesus went   he was going   while he was going
  through the grainfields   through the grainfields;   through the grainfields,
  on the sabbath;*        
      and as they made their way    
  his disciples were hungry,   his disciples   his disciples
  and they began to pluck   began to pluck   plucked and ate
  heads of grain   heads of grain.   some heads of grain,
  and to eat.        
          rubbing them
          in their hands.
2 But when the Pharisees 24 And the Pharisees 2 But some of the Pharisees
  saw it,        
  they said to him,   said to him,   said,
  "Look,   "Look,    
  your disciples are doing   why are they doing   "Why are you doing
  what is not lawful   what is not lawful   what is not lawful
  to do on the sabbath."   on the sabbath?"   to do on the sabbath?"
3 He said to them, 25 And he said to them, 3 And Jesus answered,
  "Have you not read   "Have you never read   "Have you not read
  what David did,   what David did,   what David did 
  when he was   when he was in need   when he was
  hungry,   and was hungry,   hungry,
  and those   he and those   he and those
  who were with him:   who were with him:   who were with him:
  how he entered 26 how he entered 4 how he entered
  the house of God   the house of God,   the house of God,
      when Abiathar    
      was high priest,    
  and ate   and ate   and took and ate
  the bread of the Presence,   the bread of the Presence,   the bread of the Presence,
  which it was not lawful   which it is not lawful   which it is not lawful
  for him   for any but the priests*   for any but the priests*
  to eat   to eat,   to eat,
      and also gave it   and also gave it
  nor for those   to those   to those
  who were with him,   who were with him?"   with him?"
  but only for the priests?*        
5 Or have you not read        
  in the law        
  how on the sabbath        
  the priests in the temple        
  profane the sabbath,        
  and are guiltless?        
6 I tell you,        
  something greater        
  than the temple is here.        
7 And if you had known        
  what this means,        
  `I desire mercy,        
  and not sacrifice,'        
  you would not have        
  condemned the guiltless.        
    27 And he said to them, 5 And he said to them,
      "The sabbath was made ,    
      for man    
      not man for the sabbath;    
8 For the Son of man is lord 28 so the Son of man is lord   "The Son of man is lord
  of the sabbath."   even of the sabbath.   of the sabbath."

** For analysis of this pericope click here. For interpretation of the concluding aphorism click here.

Color Code
 Blue  Three texts use same vocabulary.
 Teal  Two texts use same vocabulary.
 Black   Words unique to a particular text.
   No parallel element in this gospel.
*  Same wording, different order.
46  Sequence in synoptic outlines
 
  prior in Matt     prior in Mark & Luke     context in Matt     context in Mark & Luke    next pericope 

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