title of any pericope numbered in red to access the original language text.
Massacre in the Upper Market
||[In 66 CE,
the procurator Florus],
being insulted by (mockery from Jerusalem's
youth), was provoked to let his soldiers ransack the so-called
"upper market" (of Jerusalem) and kill those they
So, (the soldiers), whose eagerness to win booty was encouraged
by their commander, overran not only the place where they had
been sent, but broke into all the houses and slaughtered their
was a flight from the alleys and murder of those who were
caught. No kind of plunder was omitted. Many who claimed to be
were brought back to Florus. When they had been scourged,
he had them crucified.
||Now the total number
of victims that day---together with women and children, for
not even infants were spared---came to about 3,600.
||The depth (the procurator) sank
to was new even by Roman standards of cruelty. For Florus
dared what none had done before: to scourge before the
tribunal and nail to a cross men of equestrian rank,
who---even if born as Jews---were Roman (citizens) at least in
||Then [in the summer of 66
very bold young man who was then captain of the temple---Eleazar,
son of the high-priest Hananiah---moved that no gift or
sacrifice for any foreigner was to be admitted during the
worship service. And this set the foundation for the war with
Rome. For, on this pretext, even the sacrifice for Caesar
70 CE during the siege
the emperor Vespasian's
sent part of the cavalry and ordered them to ambush those who
came out into the ravines, looking for food...
||So they were scourged
and crucified, facing the (city's) walls, before
being tortured to death by every method...
||And in their hatred and anger,
the soldiers delighted in nailing each one in a different
position. Now, on account of their numbers, they ran out of
space for the crosses and crosses for the holes.
Temple [70 CE]
||Now that the rebels had fled the
city, and the temple itself and every thing around was
burning, the Romans brought their standards into the sacred
spot. And, setting them up facing the eastern gate, they
sacrificed to them. And with the greatest acclaim they
in Egypt [73 CE]
||But still after this [the fall
in 73 CE], many Jews met
death in Egypt around Alexandria.
||For those of the "assassin"
(sicarii) faction who managed to escape (from
Judea) were not satisfied with being safe there. But they
again took up their revolutionary activity and sought to
persuade many of those who received them to claim freedom and
to hold Romans to be no better than themselves and to consider
God their only lord.
||But when some outstanding Jews
there opposed them, they murdered them and kept on provoking
the others to revolt.
||And, seeing their fanaticism,
the leading elders thought it was no longer safe to ignore
them. Instead, rallying all the Jews to an assembly, they
exposed the madness of the "assassins",
revealing them to be responsible for all their troubles...
||So they advised the crowd to
beware destruction because of these men and to defend
themselves by handing them over to the Romans.
||They were persuaded by the
speakers to realize the magnitude of danger. And falling on
the "assassins" with full force
they arrested them.
||Six hundred were seized
immediately; and those who escaped to (upper) Egypt were soon
arrested and brought back.