[ Samaritan Theology ] IHO Index ] [ Search ] Spirit Possession & Exorcism  ]

314. Strong Speech
  When Aesop the story-teller [mythopoios] was asked:
-- "What is the strongest thing in humans?",
he said:
-- "Speech!" [logos].
  --- Nicolaus of Myra, Progymnasmata: Chreia 118-120

315. What is Justice?
  When Aristeides was asked:
-- "What is justice?,"
he said:
-- "Not to desire what belongs to others."
  --- Nicolaus of Myra, Progymnasmata: Chreia 122-124

316. Treasured Friends
  When Alexander, the king of Macedonians, was asked by someone
where he has (his) treasure, he said:
-- "In these!"
pointing to his friends [philous].
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 158-161

317. The Love of Money
  Bion the sophist used to say:
-- "The love of money is the center [métropolis] of all evil."
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 125-126
  [This oft-quoted chreia was variously ascribed to different sources including Diogenes of Sinopé and Democritus making its actual origin impossible to trace.]

318. How to Become Famous
  When Diogenes (of Sinopé), the (Cynic) philosopher was asked by someone how he might become famous, he replied:
-- "By caring least about fame!"
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 33-35

319. The Rich Young Man
  When Diogenes the Cynic philosopher saw an uneducated rich youth,
he said:
-- "This is silverplated filth [rhupos]!"*
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 41-44
* Instead of "filth" [rhupos] other versions of this chreia have "horse" [hippos].

320. Who Needs Sleep?
  Standing over Diogenes as he was falling asleep,
Alexander the king of Macedonians said:
-- "No need [chré] for a man who gives advice to sleep all night!"
And Diogenes replied:
-- "(There is) for one who has supported a people and cared for so much!"
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 88-93
  [Greek rhetoricians sometimes cited this chreia to explain the derivation of the name of the genre. Since it contains two witty remarks, it was used as an example of a double chreia, involving repartée between two masters.]

321. Disciplinarian Disciplined
  Seeing a child eating rich food,
Diogenes (of Sinopé) struck his trainer [paidagógos] with his staff.
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 100-102

322. Disciplinarian Disciplined (Variant)
  Seeing a youth misbehaving,
Diogenes (of Sinopé) beat his trainer [paidagógos],
and said:
-- "Why were you training such things?"
  --- Hermogenes of Tarsus, Progymnasmata: Chreia 13-15
  [Hermogenes (10-11) and other rhetoricians also used a shorter version of this chreia without the concluding saying.]

323. Formal Informality
  When Diogenes (of Sinopé) was lunching in the marketplace
and summoned (Plato) to the lunch, Plato said:
-- "O Diogenes! How charming your informality would be
if it were not so formal!"
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 77-80

324. Featherless Creatures
  Plato defined a human as a featherless, biped animal and was applauded.
Diogenes of Sinope plucked a chicken and brought it into the lecture hall,
saying:
-- "Here is Plato's human!"
  --- Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Philosophers 6.40

325. Unjust Justice
  When a certain acquaintance of Socrates named Apollodorus said to him:
-- "The Athenians have condemned you to death unjustly!",
the philosopher said, laughing:
-- "Did you want (them to do it) justly?"
  --- Theon of Alexandria, Progymnasmata: Chreia 143-146

326. Four Basic Questions
  When (the philosopher Thales) was asked:
-- "What is hard?,"
he responded:
-- "To know oneself."
-- "What is easy?"
-- "To advise another."
-- "What is most pleasant?"
-- "Success."
-- "What is divine?"
-- "What has neither beginning nor end."
  --- Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Philosophers 1.36

[ Samaritan Theology ] IHO Index ] [ Search ] Spirit Possession & Exorcism  ]

 

Perspective on the World of Jesus

with new translations from primary texts

Copyright © 1999-2008 by Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.

an American Theological Library Association Selected Religion Website
OCLC catalog no.: 62046512

[Hypertext links to this web page are invited. Brief quotations may be used in scholarly reviews and research providing the author is credited & the URL for this web page properly noted. But the text as a whole may not be posted or reproduced elsewhere without express written permission of the author.]

Reader  since May 1999 on Web Counter.