Hyper-Synopsis     Parallel Texts in Matthew, Mark & Luke 

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  Greek synopsis  


Matt 1   Mark   Luke 1

[see Matt 1:20 below]

   26  In the sixth month
        the angel* Gabriel was sent from God
        to a city of Galilee named Nazareth,
      27 to a virgin betrothed to a man

[see Matt 1:18 below]

    whose name was Joseph,*
        of the house of David;*
        and the virgin's name was Mary.*
      28 And he came to her and said,
        "Hail, O favored one,
        the Lord is with you!"
      29 But she was greatly troubled
        at the saying,
        and considered in her mind
        what sort of greeting this might be.
      30 And the angel said to her,
        "Do not be afraid, Mary,
        for you have found favor with God.
      31 And behold,

[see Matt 1:21 below]

  you will conceive in your womb
        and bear a son,*
        and you shall call his name Jesus.*
      32 He will be great,
        and will be called
        the Son of the Most High;
        and the Lord God will give to him
        the throne of his father David,
      33 and he will reign 
        over the house of Jacob for ever;
        and of his kingdom
        there will be no end."
      34 And Mary said to the angel,
        "How shall this be,
        since I have no husband?"

[see Matt 1:20 below]

  35 And the angel said to her,
        "The Holy Spirit* will come upon you,
        and the power of the Most High
        will overshadow you;
        therefore the child to be born
        will be called holy,
        the Son of God.
      36 And behold, 
        your kinswoman Elizabeth
        in her old age has also conceived a son;
        and this is the sixth month
        with her who was called barren.
      37 For with God 
        nothing will be impossible."
      38 And Mary said, "Behold,
        I am the handmaid of the Lord;
        let it be to me according to your word."
        And the angel departed from her.
18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ      
  took place in this way.    

[see Luke 1:27 above]

  When his mother Mary*      
  had been betrothed to Joseph,*      
  before they came together      
  she was found to be with child      
  of the Holy Spirit;*      
19 and her husband Joseph,      
  being a just man      
  and unwilling to put her to shame,      
  resolved to divorce her quietly.      
20 But as he considered this, behold,      
  an angel* of the Lord appeared to him    

[see Luke 1:26 above]

  in a dream,      

[see Luke 1:27 above]

  "Joseph, son of David,*      
  do not fear to take Mary your wife,      
  for that which is conceived in her      
  is of the Holy Spirit;*    

[see Luke 1:35 above]

21 she will bear a son,*    

[see Luke 1:31 above]

  and you shall call his name Jesus,*      
  for he will save his people from their sins."      
22 All this took place to fulfill      
  what the Lord had spoken by the prophet:      
23 "Behold, a virgin shall conceive      
  and bear a son,      
  and his name shall be called Emmanuel"      
  (which means, God with us).      
24 When Joseph woke from sleep,      
  he did      
  as the angel of the Lord commanded him;      
  he took his wife,      
25 but knew her not      
  until she had borne a son;      
  and he called his name Jesus.      

Color Code
 Teal  Two gospels use same vocabulary.
 Black   Words unique to a particular text.
   No parallel text in this gospel.
*  Same wording, different order.
 4   Sequence in synoptic outlines
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