Seleucus IV Philopator  [ca. 217 - 175 BCE; assassinated]

When the oldest son of Antiochus III succeeded his father (187 BCE), his freedom to maneuver was hampered by the heavy annual tribute Rome had imposed.  He eventually persuaded the Romans to release his younger brother, Antiochus IV, but only by sending his own heir, Demetrius, to Rome as a hostage. In an unsuccessful attempt to raise funds he sent his prime minister, Heliodorus, to Jerusalem to confiscate the temple's treasures, but was killed by Heliodorus when he returned.

References: 2 Maccabees 3:1-4:7
, Antiquities 12.389.
                  Appian, Roman History: Syrian Wars 8.45, 11.66.

Other resources on line:

Silver tetradrachma minted at Seleucia has portrait of Seleucus III on its face & nude seated figure of Apollo, with bow & arrow flanked by the inscription [B]asileos Seleukou ["of king Seleucus"] on the reverse.

For high resolution images of this and other coins of Seleucus, see Ancient Coinage of Seleucia, Seleukos IV in David Surber's comprehensive ancient coins website: Wildwinds.

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