The only daughter of Herodias
& Herod II
was the granddaughter of Herod
the great through her father, but his great-granddaughter through her
mother. The pattern of family relationships became more complicated when
she was married at a young age to her half-uncle [Philip].
Since this uncle/niece marriage paralleled her mother's situation,
the gospel writers understandably confused her with Herodias, when
they identify Salome's father--the first husband of Herodias-- as "Philip" (Matt14:3; Mark
6:1) instead of Philip's half-brother, Herod II. [See Josephus,
18.136]. Josephus gives no hint that Salome's father, Herod,
was ever called Philip but claims Philip's mother had another son
named Herod [Antiquities 17.21], whom he tells nothing
Salome was just an infant when her mother deserted her father to
Unlike the gospels, Josephus does not implicate her in John the
Baptizer's death. By her later marriage to Philip, Salome became her
mother's sister-in-law. She had no children by Philip. But after his
death, she married her cousin, Aristobulus the younger---the only
son of Herod
of Chalcis--- & bore him
3 sons who, to confuse matters further, were given the same names as
her mother's brothers.
Mark 6:22-28 // Matt 14:6-11.
Other resources on line:
on the World of Jesus
Copyright © 1999-2021 by
Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.
an American Theological
Library Association Selected Religion Website
OCLC catalog no.: 62046512