A major settlement on
the northeast shore of the Sea
of Galilee situated on a
22 acre mound overlooking the influx of the Jordan river. Recent
excavation shows that it was one of the largest towns on the
lake. In 30
elevated it to the status of city [polis] & renamed
it Julias in honor of the Roman emperor Tiberius'
who after her husband's death was called Julia Augusta. [Josephus
mistakenly reports that the city was named for the daughter of Augustus
who was banished in 2
CE]. From early Hellenistic times
BCE) the town was the center of a thriving fishing industry
because of its natural harbor. John 1 identifies it as the
hometown of Peter & other disciples of Jesus who were
fishermen. After it was destroyed in the Jewish revolt (67 CE),
the site was abandoned & the harbor silted up.
_____, War 2.168; 3.57,
John 1:44, 12.21.
Mark 6:45 (cf. Luke 9:10)
Matt 11:21 // Luke 10.13
For further recent
information about archaeological & historical evidence, see:
Rousseau, John J. &
Rami Arav. Jesus & His World. (Minneapolis: Fortress
Press, 1995) pp. 19-24.
Rediscovered." Article by lead archaeologist Rami Arav in Biblical
Archaeology Review (Jan/Feb 2000).
Perspective on the
World of Jesus
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Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.
an American Theological
Library Association Selected Religion Website
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