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136

HAND WASHING DISPUTE 

Matt 15  Mark 7    Luke  
1 Then 1 Now  
  Pharisees   when the Pharisees  
  and scribes*      
  came to Jesus   gathered together to him,  
      with some of the scribes,*  
  from Jerusalem   who had come from Jerusalem,  
    2 they saw that  
      some of his disciples ate  
      with hands defiled,  
      that is, unwashed.  
    3 (For the Pharisees,  
      and all the Jews,  
      do not eat  
      unless they wash their hands,  
      observing the tradition of the elders;  
    4 and when they come  
      from the market place,  
      they do not eat  
      unless they purify themselves;  
      and there are many other traditions  
      which they observe,  
      the washing of cups and pots  
      and vessels of bronze.)  
    5 And the Pharisees  
  and said,   and the scribes asked him,  
2 "Why do your disciples   "Why do your disciples  
  transgress   not live according to  
  the tradition of the elders?   the tradition of the elders,  
  For they do not wash   but eat  
  their hands   with hands defiled?"  
  when they eat."      
    6 And he said to them,  
  [see Matt 15:7-9 below]    "Well did Isaiah prophesy  
      of you hypocrites,*  
      as it is written,  
      `This people honors me  
      with their lips,  
      but their heart is far from me;  
    7 in vain do they worship me,  
      teaching as doctrines  
      the precepts of men.'  
    8 You leave  
      the commandment of God,  
      and hold fast  
      the tradition of men."  
3 He answered them, 9 And he said to them,  
  "And why do you   "You have a fine way  
  transgress   of rejecting  
  the commandment of God   the commandment of God,  
  for the sake of your tradition?   in order to keep your tradition!  
4 For God commanded, 10 For Moses said,  
  `Honor your father   `Honor your father  
  and your mother,'   and your mother';  
  and,   and,  
  `He who speaks evil   `He who speaks evil  
  of father or mother,   of father or mother,  
  let him surely die.'   let him surely die';  
5 But you say, 11 but you say,  
  `If any one tells his father   `If a man tells his father  
  or his mother,   or his mother,  
  What you would have gained   What you would have gained  
  from me is   from me is Corban'  
  given to God,   (that is, given to God) --  
  he need not 12 then you no longer permit him  
  honor his father.'   to do anything for his father  
      or mother,  
6 So, for the sake of your tradition,*      
  you have made void  13  thus making void  
  the word of God.   the word of God  
      through your tradition*  
      which you hand on.  
      And many such things you do."  
7 You hypocrites!*     [see Mark 7:6-7 above]  
  Well did Isaiah prophesy of you,      
  when he said:      
8 `This people honors me      
  with their lips,      
  but their heart is far from me;      
9 in vain do they worship me,      
  teaching as doctrines      
  the precepts of men.'"      

Color Code
 Teal  Two texts use same vocabulary.
 Black   Words unique to a particular text.
   No parallel elements in this gospel.
*  Same wording, different order.
 136   Sequence in synoptic outlines
 
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