Hyper-Synopsis     Parallel Texts in Matthew, Mark & Luke 

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  Greek synopsis  

 

 21  DEBATE with the DEVIL
Matt 4   Mark 1  Luke 4
3 And the tempter came     3 The devil
  and said to him,        said to him,
  "If you are the Son of God,       "If you are the Son of God,
  command these stones       command this stone
  to become loaves of bread."       to become bread."
4 But he answered,     4 And Jesus answered him,
  "It is written,       "It is written,
  `Man shall not live by bread alone,       `Man shall not live by bread alone.'"
  but by every word that proceeds         
  from the mouth of God.'"        
5 Then the devil <takes> him*       

[see Luke 4:9 below]

  to the holy city,        
  and set him on the pinnacle*        
  of the temple,*        
6 and <says> to him,*        
  "If you are the Son of God,*        
  throw yourself down;*        
  for it is written,*        
  `He will give his angels *        
  charge of you,'*        
  and         
  `On their hands*        
  they will bear you up,*        
  lest you strike your foot*        
  against a stone.'"*        
7 Jesus said to him,*        
  "Again it is written,        
  `You shall not tempt*        
  the Lord your God.'"*        
8 Again, the devil <takes> him     5 And the devil took him up,
  to a very high mountain,        
  and <shows> him       and showed him
  all the kingdoms       all the kingdoms
  of the world**       of the world**
  and the glory of them;       in a moment of time,
9 and he said to him,     6 and said to him,
  "All these I will give you,       "To you I will give all this authority
          and their glory;
          for it has been delivered to me,
          and I give it to whom I will.
  if you will fall down      7 If you, then, will 
  and worship me."       worship <before> me,
          it shall all be yours."
10 Then Jesus <says> to him,      8 And Jesus answered him,
  "Be gone, Satan!        
  for it is written,       "It is written,
  `You shall worship        `You shall worship 
  the Lord your God       the Lord your God,
  and him only shall you serve.'"       and him only shall you serve.'"
   [see Matt 4:5 above]     9 And he <led> him to* Jerusalem,
          and set him on the pinnacle*
          of the temple,*
          and said to him,*
          "If you are the Son of God,*
          throw yourself down* from here;
        10 for it is written,*
          `He will give his angels* 
          charge of you,*
          to guard you,'
        11 <so that>
          `On their hands*
          they will bear you up,*
          lest you strike your foot*
          against a stone.'"*
        12 And Jesus answered him,*
          "It is said,
          `You shall not tempt*
          the Lord your God.'"*
11 Then the devil     13 And when the devil 
          had ended every temptation,
  left him,       he departed from him
          until an opportune time.
  and behold, 13 and he was     
      with the wild beasts;    
  angels came    and the angels     
  and ministered to him.   ministered to him.    

 

 **Note: Matthew uses the Greek word for the physical universe (kosmos); while Luke's term oikoumene ("inhabited world") has a more socio-political connotation.

 

Color Code
 Teal  Two texts use same vocabulary.
 Black   Words unique to a particular text.
   No parallel element in this gospel.
*  Same wording, different order.
[the] RSV wording; not in Greek text.
<And> RSV wording altered to reflect Greek
 21   Sequence in synoptic outlines
 
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