Hebrew term for "Supplement." 

The name is really a misnomer for this collection of rabbinic tradition that was influenced by the Mishna but presents a far more extensive selection of sayings, several of which contradict the opinions of the Mishna published by Judah ha Nasi. The Tosefta was published near the beginning of the 3rd c. CE. It represents a version of the tannaitic tradition taught at the school of Tiberias that included many bits of early rabbinic lore that were not accepted in the Academy's official text of the Mishna. The author was probably cHiyya bar Abba, a Babylonian Jew who after studying in the Academy at Sepphoris became head of the rabbinic school at Tiberias.

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