[47 - 30 BCE; executed]
Illegitimate son of Cleopatra
VII & Julius Caesar,
born while Caesar was in Egypt to settle the civil war between Cleopatra
& her brother (Ptolemy
XIII). When his mother brought him to Rome (46 BCE) Caesar publicly
acknowledged his paternity. After his father's assassination (44
Caesarion returned to Alexandria & (at the age of 3) was officially
installed as his mother's co-ruler. He had just reached puberty when
his mother's lover (Mark Antony)
rashly hailed him as "King of Kings." During the ensuing war
between Antony & Octavion
BCE), Caesarion was kept away from
Alexandria. But after his mother's suicide, Octavion
enticed him to return, only to have him executed, ending the Ptolemaic dynasty.
Caesars: Julius Caesar 52.
Cassius Dio, Roman
54, 71, 81-82.
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