overlooking the coastal road on the northwestern border of Judea,
known in early Israelite times as Jabne'el. The city was
captured by the Greeks & burned by the early Maccabeans,
but restored by Alexander
Jannai. After Roman
armies occupied Judea, Gabinius
ordered Jabneh reconstructed as a Roman city. Augustus
awarded it to Herod
after the defeat of Antony
& Cleopatra. Herod willed it to his sister Salome,
who in turn willed it to Augustus' widow, Livia.
After the destruction of Jerusalem
ben Zakkai located the
at Jabneh, where it remained until the end of the Hadrianic war (135
Aqiba began to record the
9.217; 12.350-351; 13.215.
17.189, 321; 18.31, 158.
_____, War 1.50, 156,
2.98, 167, 335-336.
For further information about archaeological & historical evidence, see:
Buttrick, G. A., ed. Interpreter's
Dictionary of the Bible. vol. 2 (NY/Nashville: Abingdon Press,
1962) p. 779-780.
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