[ca. 155 - 101 BCE; murdered]
Daughter of Ptolemy
VI & Cleopatra II
Niece-consort of Ptolemy
Cleopatra was 15 when her uncle married
her & made her his co-regent (140
BCE). She remained a loyal wife
during her husband's running feud with her mother & accompanied him
into exile (130
BCE). Her loyalty was rewarded three years later when she
replaced her mother as reigning queen of Egypt. Yet she was
instrumental in the eventual reconciliation of her husband & mother
BCE). She became senior ruler of Egypt when her mother died (115
& played a pivotal role in the rivalry between her sons. After years of feuding with her
oldest son (Ptolemy IX)
she expelled him from Alexandria (107
BCE) & replaced him with his
younger brother (Ptolemy X).
Now at the peak of her political power she presumed to do what no other
female ruler of Egypt had ever done: act as priest in the royal cult (105
BCE). Her dominance was short-lived, however, since her favorite son
(Ptolemy X) soon had her murdered.
109, 116, 120.
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