Herod of Chalcis   [died 48 CE]

The namesake of his grandfather was briefly governor of the temple in Jerusalem after the death of his older brother, Agrippa I. Herod III was married first to his cousin, Mariamne [the daughter of Antipas' sister, Olympias & the son Herod's brother Joseph], & then to his niece, Berenice [sister of Agrippa II]. The emperor Claudius gave him the Syrian kingdom of Chalcis at the foot of Mt. Hermon in the Lebanese mountains (ca. 42 CE). Though he never ruled Judea, he was granted authority over the temple with the hereditary right to appoint high priests. After his death, Claudius assigned his position & privileges to his nephew & brother-in-law, Agrippa II.

References: Josephus, Antiquities 18.133-137, 277-279, 288;
                                                        19.338-341, 353-354;
                                                        20.13-16, 103-104, 145.
                   _____, War 1.552; 2.217, 221-223.

Other resources on line: 

Perspective on the World of Jesus

Copyright 1999-2019 by Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.

an American Theological Library Association Selected Religion Website
OCLC catalog no.: 62046512