Marc Antony  [82-30 BCE; suicide]
A grandson of Julius Caesar's uncle Lucius (d. 87 BCE), Marcus Antonius became Caesar's lieutenant in the conquest of Gaul & his chief champion in the Senate. Antony commanded the forces that drove Pompey from Italy (49 BCE) & was appointed consul of Rome just before Caesar's death (44 BCE). His speeches & handling of Caesar's estate turned public sentiment in Rome against Cassius & his fellow conspirators. But opposition in the Senate forced him to retreat to Bologna [Italy], where he formed a 5 year alliance [the 2nd triumvirate] with Caesar's adopted heir, Octavian, & Marcus Aemilius Lepidus [a fellow commander of Caesar's forces in Gaul]. Their combined forces took control of Rome & purged the Senate of Caesar's republican opponents [including Cicero]. Antony's victory at Philippi (42 BCE) precipitated the suicides of the leading conspirators [Cassius & Brutus].
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