[ca. 135 - 95 BCE; executed]
Son of Antiochus
VII & Cleopatra Thea
who challenged his half-brother, Antiochus VIII, after his mother's death (ca.
118 BCE) His persistence was rewarded by a treaty (116
BCE) that granted his
right to rule half the Seleucid kingdom. The partition did not end
the rivalry between the half-brothers, however, & the lingering feud
allowed Johanan Hyrcanus
to declare Judean
independence & conquer Samaria
& Idumea. Within
a year of his brother's death, Antiochus was captured & executed by his nephew Seleucus
VI, leading to open civil war among the children of the sibling
13.270-282, 325, 366-369.
of Rome: Syrian Wars
Other online resources:
Silver tetradrachma with profile of a
bearded Antiochus IX on the face & the standing figure of Athena
holding a spear in one hand & winged Victory in the other. The
inscriptions reads: Basileos Antiochou Philopatoros ["of King
Antiochus, who favors his father"].
For high resolution images of this and
other coins of Antiochus IX see Ancient
Coinage of Seleucia, Antiochos IX in David Surber's excellent
ancient coins website: Wildwinds.
Perspective on the
World of Jesus
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