Greek: "seventy"

Oldest Greek translation of Hebrew scriptures (3rd-2nd c. BCE) that became the standard version used in Hellenistic synagogues & early churches. The name  -- regularly abbreviated as LXX -- was from the popular legend that this was the work of 70 (or 72) sages who translated the Jewish Bible for the Hellenistic Egyptian monarch, Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Since this translation was made centuries before the canon of the Hebrew Bible was set, it contained a number of Jewish works that were eventually excluded from the Hebrew Bible. Among these apocryphal ["hidden"] works are:

[Edition used: Rahlfs, Alfred, ed. Septuaginta. Stuttgart: Deutsche Biblestiftung, 1935].

Other resources on line:

Perspective on the World of Jesus

Copyright 1999-2019 by Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.

an American Theological Library Association Selected Religion Website
OCLC catalog no.: 62046512