War Rule  [1QM]

Hebrew: Serekh ha-Milhamah

Nine & a half foot scroll [19 columns] found in cave 1 at Qumran, conceived as a sequel to the eschatological war envisioned in Dan 11-12. The author gives detailed instructions for a ritualized battle in which the "sons of light," championed by Michael, massacre the Kittim, identified as the "sons of darkness," led by Satan. This vision of a violent end to the dominion of the Kittim -- a veiled allusion to the Romans, as in Daniel -- must have been composed between 50 BCE & 65 CE. This scroll was acquired by Hebrew University in Jerusalem soon after its discovery in 1947. Fragments of 4 other copies of this scroll were found in Cave 4.

Other resources on line:

Other important Dead Sea Scrolls

Perspective on the World of Jesus

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