Temple Scroll  [11QT (11Q19-20)]

Longest & one of the most complete scrolls found at Qumran.  It presents an idealized description of (a) a Temple with courts as large as the city of Jerusalem from which all gentiles & the impure are excluded & (b) a sacrificial cult using a solar calendar (like that in Jubilees & 1 Enoch). While not sectarian, the text is presented as a direct revelation (to Moses?) independent of the Torah. Recent scholars regard it as a pre-Maccabean composition by Levites who rejected the Zadokite high priests' interpretation of Torah.

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Other important Dead Sea Scrolls

Perspective on the World of Jesus

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